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  • 2019.11.11 Monday
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一定期間更新がないため広告を表示しています


A Prosperous Japan vs. A Declining South Korea

 

 The Japanese economy is prospering. As a result, the Abe Cabinet remains popular. On the other hand, the South Korean economy is in recession. In addition, President Park Geun-hye has been impeached and effectively removed from office. South Korea is now on the verge of economic collapse.   

                                                           

 After the Lehman Shock, the Japanese yen appreciated, which devastated the Japanese economy. Many workers were laid off, and new graduates faced a tremendous difficulty finding a job. However, since Shinzo Abe was inaugurated as prime minister, the strong yen moderated, and the Japanese economy has recovered moderately.   

                                                           

 Currently, Japan’s employment situation is so good that some industries suffer from labor shortages. Graduates can now easily land a job. Last spring, the employment rate for collage graduates marked its highest ever percentage of 97.3%. As of December 1st, 85% of students graduating this March received tentative job offer, which is higher than the previous year. Similarly, 87% of high-school graduates seeking a work after graduation received tentative job offer, which also surpasses the previous year. This spring, the employment rate of both collage and high-school graduates will surpass last year’s number.   

                                                           

 On the other hand, in South Korea, the employment situation is the worst it has ever been. The South Korean government announced on January 11th that the number of its unemployment was 1,012,000 and the unemployment rate under 30 years old hit a record high of 9.8%. However, the Yonhap News reported on January 23rd that the number of real unemployed was 4,538,000, which equals nearly 4.5 times that of the official statistic.   

                                                           

 The South Korean economy is greatly dependent on China. Since South Korea agreed to deploy THAAD, to which China was strongly opposed, China started impose sanctions against South Korea, expelling South Korean products and limiting travel to South Korea. Chinese accounted for nearly half (47%) of the tourists in South Korea, but a plummeting number of Chinese tourists visit there now. The Chinese New Year started from January 27th, and during the 7 days off, over 6 million Chinese are expected to ravel abroad. As, a destination, however, South Korea is ranked 7th, dropping from 3rd last year, whereas Japan is ranked 2nd, next to Thailand.   

                                                           

 President Park took an aggressive stance toward Japan, and the currency swap agreement with Japan discontinued February 2015. And, the currency swap with China might expire in coming October if China refuses to extend it. Without the currency swaps, there is a reasonable probability that Korean won will crash and South Korean will go into default again.   

                                                           

 Most Japanese and other citizens of developed countries didn’t care that  South Korea went into default in 1997 because it had hardly any implications on the global economy. I believe that the Abe Cabinet should maintain a resolute position toward South Korea and let Korans reap what they sow.   

 


Putin Triumphed over Abe

 

 On December 16th, at a press conference, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and Russian President Vladimir Putin jointly announced a cooperative economic activity for the Northern Territory. Japan will contribute 300 billion yen (more than 2.5 billion USD) to the program. Russia’s contribution, if any, was not announced. There was no reference to the territorial dispute. The talks ended in Putin’s triumph.     

                                                           

 Originally, the Ainu occupied the Northern Territory. A map made by the Edo Shogunate in 1644 already made a claim to not only the Northern Territory but also the Kuril Islands and Karafuto (Sakhalin). And, a formal map made in 1854 also claimed the same territory.    

                                                           

 In 1855, Japan concluded a friendship treaty with the Russian Empire, defining a boundary between the Northern Territory and the upper Kuril islands.    

                                                           

 In 1875, under the pressure of the Russian Empire, an exchange treaty was concluded, in which Karafuto (Sakhalin) was granted to the Russian Empire and all the Kuril islands to Japan.    

                                                           

 During the World War 2, Japan and Soviet Union signed a nonaggression pact. Japan surrendered on August 15th, 1945. Nevertheless, the U.S.S.R. invaded the Northern Territory on August 28th even though the pact was valid until April 25th, 1946. Since then, Russian has dominated the Northern Territory.    

                                                           

 From the viewpoint of inter national law, I believe that Japan has bona fide sovereignty over the Northern Territory. The Japanese government should consistently insist on bringing the territorial dispute before the International Court of Justice no matter how many times Russia refuses to do so.    

                                                           

 Prime Minister Abe announced that the “cooperative” economic activity would be performed under a special system, neither under Russian law nor Japanese law. On the other hand, President Putin insists on carrying it out under Russian law. The Abe Cabinet must not yield the management to Putin.                             

                                                           

 On the 15th, the European Union announced its economic sanctions against Russia will extend at least until the end of July, 2017. The oil price is hovering just above 50 USD per barrel. As the Russian ruble has depreciated, commodity prices have risen. Average Russians are suffering.    

                                                           

 The problem is President-elect Donald Trump. If he adopts a Russian-friendly policy as is expected by some, the trend might change. Both Putin and Trump are nationalistic and stubborn. I don’t believe that they will get along.    

                                                           

 For the time being, the Abe Cabinet should stall for time by postponing the “cooperative” economic activity until Russia’s geopolitical standing becomes clearer.    

                                     


Japan and the U.S.:a win-win relationship

 

 President-elect Donald Trump had talks with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe at Trump Tower in New York on November 17th, taking priority over European leaders. Reportedly, Mr. Trump predicted that the Abe Cabinet would last longer than most European administrations. In fact, French President, Francois Hollande, decided not to run for the coming presidential election in April. Donald Trump is a very competent businessman. I hope that Prime Minister Abe will form a relationship of trust with the next U.S. president.   

                                                           

 After Mr. Trump was elected as the next president, American stock markets boomed, intermittently pushing against and breaking records. In addition, the employment situation is improving. The unemployment rate in November was 4.6%, a decrease of 0.3% from the previous month, which was the lowest number since August 2007, prior to the Lheeman Shock. The Fed will hold a meeting on the 13th and 14th. They are expected to raise the interest rate for the first time in 1 year.   

                                                           

 Owing to the robust American economy, the Japanese yen weakened vis-à-vis dollar, and Japan’s stock prices soared. When the Fed raises its interest rate, the Japanese economy will further benefit.   

                                                           

 Japan’s employment situation is also good. The unemployed rate in October was only 3.0%, which means virtually full employment. The OECD calculated Japan’s unemployed rate for 15 to 24 years olds in 2015 to be 5.3%, the lowest among major countries. Even in 2007, prior to the Lheeman Shock, that rate was 7.9%.   

                                                           

 Based on the present economy, the Abe Cabinet is highly supported. According to a survey conducted by the Kyodo News Service on November 26th and 27th, its approval rating was 60.7%, an increase of 6.8% from October, whereas its disapproval rating was 30.4%, a decrease of 2.8%. It was the first time to show an approval rating of over 60% since October 2013.   

                                                           

 I believe that the American and Japanese economies are currently in a win-win situation.   

                                                           

 Both Prime Minister Abe and president-elect Trump look out for their own countries. I believe they can trust each other. I hope that they will construct a win-win relationship for both Japan and the U.S.  

                                  


A More Resolute Abe Cabinet

 

  Supported by the majority (62%) of Japanese citizens, the Abe Cabinet remains stable. And, his supporters hope that the cabinet will take a more resolute stance to secure Japan’s national interests.                  

                                                            

  According to a survey conducted by the Nikkei Shimbun and TV Tokyo form August 26th through the 28th, 62% of the 1,055 respondents approved of the Abe Cabinet whereas only 27% disapproved. And, 55% believed that Japan should take a more resolute stance toward china, which has repeatedly crossed into Japan’s territorial waters in the vicinity of the Senkaku Islands.      

                                                            

  59% hoped that Shinzo Abe would continue to be the prime minister through the Tokyo Olympics in 2020. Prime Minister Abe is popular among Japanese citizens even though China and South Korea criticize him as being a militant.

                                                            

  Regarding the territorial negotiations with Russia over the Northern Territories, 54% hoped that a part of the four inlands would be returned whereas 36% believed all the islands should be returned. I support the latter opinion.    

                                                            

  Prime Minister Abe is scheduled to have talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin on December 15th. However, I believe that Japan should not negotiate with Russia for the time being because waiting would better serve Japan’s interests. There is a reasonable chance that Russia would go into default again if the oil price remains sluggish for a prolonged period. When Russia went into default in 1998, some Russians primarily those living in the Northern Territories desperately insisted that Russia should return the Northern Territory to Japan. Slow and steady will win the race.      

     


日韓「慰安婦」会談


◆■■■◆◆ 泉 ユキヲの 国際派時事コラム ◆◆■■■◆

        安倍外交は堂々の及第点だ

■■■■第410号■平成27年12月29日発行■■■◆

 米国に対して「交渉してますよ」というポーズを取って
いるだけで、実際の合意などとてもできまいと思っていたので、
「慰安婦」外相会談の妥結には驚いた。

 おそらく今後も日本大使館前の慰安婦像は移設されない
だろうし、韓国の次期政権はまた慰安婦問題を蒸し返すだろう。
 そのくらいのことは安倍首相も外務省も織り込み済のはずだ。

 「軍の関与の下に」云々のあいまいな言い方も悔しい。
 個々の老女らの名誉と尊厳を傷つけたのも日本国ではなく、
彼女らを反日運動の材料として全世界のさらし者にした運動家
らやメディアのほうだ。

 しかし冷静に考えれば、今回の妥結で得たものは大きい。
苦渋の内容を考えれば安倍外交の「勝利」とまでは言えないが、
堂々の及第点だ。


■「金額で決裂」だけは、まずい ■

 韓国側が20億円を要求してきたときは、金額で決裂したら
まずいなと思った。なにしろ相手は
「ウェノム(倭奴)どもは銭カネ惜しさで韓国側の誠意を
踏みにじりました」
と、またまた全世界に触れて回る人たちだ。

 決裂するとすれば、銭カネ以外の本質的なところでなければ
ならない。
 となれば当然「文書化するかどうか」が争点になるべきだ。

 ところが韓国は、日韓基本条約の有効性についてすら半世紀
後にイチャモンをつけてくる、とんでもない国だ。

 今回の外相会談の妥結内容を文書化することにこだわった
ところで、どれほどの意味があるのか。
 交渉にたずさわる外交官たちに、そんな空虚な思いが去来
したとしても不思議でない。

 むしろ外相会談の直後に、宗主国の米国から「合意の遵守」
を求めるコメントを出させたほうが千倍有効だろう。
 外交の方法は、相手の成熟度合を見て変えなければならない
こともある。

 今回の展開はそういうことだ。


■ 諸外国も「飛び火」は勘弁してくれと ■

 はっきり言って、韓国人らがどう騒ごうが、もうどうでもいい。
 朴槿恵(ぼく・きんけい)の次の大統領、たぶんあの連合国
組織のナスビのような事務総長が、「性奴隷」問題を触れて
回ろうとも諸外国がこう言い返してくれればいいわけである。

「最終的で不可逆的な解決があったのでしょ」
「性奴隷でなく“日本軍慰安婦被害者”なのでしょ」

 軍隊による女性狩りがあったのなら、言い逃れできない犯罪行為だ。
 しかし多方面の研究で今や明らかになっている。「慰安婦」
問題とは詰まるところ、「軍人の風俗業利用のための便宜供与
や業者監督等の諸施策」だった。

 たしかに小・中学生に向かって全容は語れない。
 確かなことは21世紀の今日もなお、このレベルで語るなら
真っ白けの大国は皆無だろうということだ。

 まして米国のように奴隷制度のあった国は、本当の意味で
「性奴隷」がいた。

 白人の主人のために性の奴隷として無償奉仕させられた有色
の女性たち。
 白人と黒人の結婚が禁止されていたにもかかわらず米国に
存在する多数の混血者たちこそ、性奴隷の歴史を象徴する
「歩く銅像」だ。

 小学校の優等生のような朴槿恵が無邪気に騒ぎ立てた慰安婦
問題は、諸外国にとって、飛び火されては困る論点なのである。


■ もっとだいじなことがある ■

 だから中国と北朝鮮を除く諸外国は「最終的で不可逆的な
解決」を歓迎するだろう。

 その構図を破綻させるためには、日本の大臣級が失言する
ことが必要だ。
 だから朝日新聞や共同通信は、新しい大臣が就任するたびに、
慰安婦について失言をさせるべく、挑発的な質問をするだろう。

 そんなものは「想定問答集」どおりに打っちゃればよいのだ。

 日本には、憲法改正という、もっともっとだいじなことがある。
 安部内閣が目指す大きな目標を、わたしは強く支持する。


◆◆ 後記 ◆ ◆

 いくつかのブログを拝見しましたが、以下のものに注目しました:


「え? 安倍さんが韓国に譲歩? 敗北? んなわけないでしょ(笑)」
http://ameblo.jp/tokyo-kouhatsu-bando/entry-12111421307.html

 このかたの予想は、韓国側による蒸し返しは極めて困難だろう
というもの。
 わたしの予想は、それでもやっぱり蒸し返して、本性をさらして
しまうだろうというものです。


「【従軍慰安婦】韓国政府と挺対協とハルモニ」
http://ameblo.jp/free-and-obligation/entry-12111159991.html

 いまや慰安婦問題は純粋に韓国の国内問題へと変質した、と
いうもの。
 観点は正しいですね。でも慰安婦の前の「従軍」は余分だな。



 「慰安婦」を a sex slave と呼ばないことを韓国政府も
公式に認めたわけですから、

文春新書『英語学習の極意』152〜155頁に書いたとおり、
旺文社『オーレックス和英辞典』は「従軍慰安婦問題」の訳語
を早急に改めてもらいたいです。



 前号への読者感想メールから:

≪コラム「杉原千畝は日本国に背いてはいない」を拝読し完全
同意しました。
「名古屋のきっぷ」は、まさに。

話は変わりますが、上海の「ユダヤ難民記念館」では杉原の
記述を大幅に格下げし、国民政府のスイス領事、何鳳山だけを
「中国のシンドラー」と持ち上げる展示に、この9月に変更
されました。

さらに「日本軍はユダヤ難民も虐待した」と非難する反日展示
に転換。歴史歪曲が加速度的に進んでいます。

プロパガンダ戦で形勢は完全に中韓にしてやられっぱなし。

ただ外務省は予算も人材も限られ、かつ外務省内部に中・韓
への内通者が相当いる印象を持っています。杉原さんのような
骨のある人材は、もはや? ≫


≪僕も予告編(007を観に行った時の)で、小日向さん演じる
将校が
「同盟国ドイツを考えてビザを出すな」(というような意)
のセリフを聞いてとても嫌な気分になりました。

日本政府がビザ発給に反対していなかった、程度のことは知って
いましたので。

事実を捻じ曲げても感動的な話にすればいい、という映画制作者
の意図を感じました。≫


■主宰  泉 ユキヲ(いずみ・ゆきお Izumi Yukio)
     http://plaza.rakuten.co.jp/yizumi/

■このメールマガジンの転送・転載はご自由にどうぞ。

■メールマガジン(配信誌)のお申込み・解除は、
以下のページでどうぞ
http://www.f5.dion.ne.jp/~t-izumi/mailmag.htm



A Principled Stance against Arbitrary Demands


 On December 28th, Japan's Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Fumio Kishida, is scheduled to negotiate a settlement on the 'comfort women' issue with his counterpart in South Korea. I'm deadset against such a negotiation. I believe that the Abe Cabinet should resolutely insist on peacefully and fairly resolving any and all outstanding issues before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) including but not limited to the comfort women issue and the territorial dispute of Takeshima (the Liancourt Rocks, Dokdo in Korean).

 Japan's position is that the 'comfort women' issue was legally resolved in the Treaty on Basic Relationships between Japan and the Republic of Korea in 1965. This is indisputable. That is why South Korea never brings the issue before the ICJ.

 In that treaty, Japan paid 300 million USD to South Korea in addition to loans of 200 million USD to the South Korean government and 300 million USD to the private sector. And, the both parties mutually waived the right to re-litigation.

 Japan initially proposed individual compensation, but the South Korean government insisted on entrusting the reimbursement process to the government. And, the government distributed only 5.4% of the 300 million USD in compensation to the women, utilizing the rest for development. The then-president was Park Chung-hee, the father of President Park Geun-hye.

 Prior to the treaty, South Korea turned in a report to the general headquarters (GHQ) in 1947, demanding 210 USD million from Japan. On the other hand, according to a report by the GHQ Government Section, the assets Japan left on the Korean Peninsula were valued at 300 million USD in North Korea and 230 million USD in South Korea, excluding military assets. Japan's legacy had well surpassed South Korea's demand.

 First and foremost, Japan does not have to compensate South Korea. Japan annexed Korea in 1910, and during the wartime, Korea was a part of Japan. Korea did not wage war against Japan.

 The majority of so-called 'comfort women' were Japanese, most of whom were daughter of farmers in the Tohoku areas. The farmers had to sell their daughters to brothels because of widespread poverty. Such Japanese 'comfort women' have not been compensated at all.

 Japan has already compensated South Korea. Nevertheless, the South Korean government diverted most of the compensation for development, disregarding the intended beneficiaries of the compensation. This is South Korea's problem, not Japan's.

 The Abe Cabinet is seeking a final, binding agreement. However, some bad Koreans will endlessly try to extract money from Japan. The Abe Cabinet should fairly maintain a principled position.

Relationships with South Korea


 In early November, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe had talks with South Korean President Park Geun-hye. She maintains a nationalistic agenda against Japan, but Prime Minister Abe has not responded to her. I do support his indifferent stance.

 First of all, South Korea is not an important market for Japan. Its GDP is only 1.4 trillion USD, which is less than one-third of Japan's (4.6 trillion USD). South Korea can never be an equal trading partner with Japan. Additionally, unlike Saudi Arabia, South Korea has hardly any resources of use to Japan.

 In 1997, South Korea went into default, and was monitored by the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Since then, the South Korean economy has become stronger. However, South Korea has become a hopeless society.

 There are 10 industrial conglomerates in South Korea, and they account for 76.5% of its GDP. Nevertheless, only 3.6% of the workforce work for them. These few workers earn 3 times the average salary (about 28,000 USD) per year. Moreover, nepotism is widespread. Now, South Korea has a huge income gap between rich and poor.

 The Korean youth are now dubbed the "triple abandonment generation" since they have to abandon love, marriage, and childbirth. The problem is that there is hardly any chance for them to make a fortune for themselves.

 According to a survey conducted by Japan's Nikkei Shimbun and South Korea's Central Daily Report, 84% of Japanese and 92% of South Koreans answered that Japan and South Korea should be future-oriented to improve relationships.

 The survey also shows that only 17%ofJapaese are fond of South Korea, decreased from 33% in 2010, whereas just 15% of South Koreans are fond of Japan, a decrease of 2%. For the time being, at least, Japan and South Korea should remain disengaged.

 The Big 3 economies, the U.S., China, and Japan, are economically interdependent. Therefore, the U.S. can take a hard stance against Russia, but cannot toward China. But, South Korea is not as important.

 I believe that South Korea might go into default soon. Previously, Japan had to supply1 trillion yen (about 8.3 billion USD) in 1997, 2 trillion yen in 2006, and 3 trillion yen in 2008 to South Korea. The Abe Cabinet should keep its distance from South Korea in order to not drain our taxes any more.



Outrageous Manners of Chinese Tourists


 In September, two Chinese tourists were arrested for kicking and punching a convenience store employee. A Chinese woman started eating an ice cone even though she had not yet paid for it. An employee gestured her to leave the store thinking she didnユt intend to pay. Her boyfriend took the gesture as an insult, and proceeded to kick and punch the employee. The Chinese woman also kicked and punched the employee. Chinese tourists benefit the Japanese economy On the other hand, their bad manners degrade Japan. I feel a need for Japan to reconsider its tourism policy.

 In China, it's common to check or try food before buying. In Japan, however, even a child knows not to eat food before purchasing. It is important to mind your manners.

 Nevertheless, according to a Chinese newspaper, The Global Times, about 70% of nearly 5,000 Chinese respondents believed that the Japanese clerk was to blame for the incident. The Chinese sense of manners is very underdeveloped.

 European and American tourists complain about the bad manners of Chinese tourists. At hotels, Chinese are excessively noisy in their rooms while keeping their doors open. At breakfast buffets, they rummage through dishes, and bring huge portions back to their tables only to leave minds of wasted food behind.

 Experienced Western tourists choose to stay in Nara instead of Kyoto. They tweet that Kyoto's elegance has been destroyed by Chinese crassness.

 Japanese also cancel their reservations at hotels when many Chinese are staying there.

 From January to September, Chinese tourists spent over 1 trillion yen (about 8.3 billion USD) in Japan. They surely benefit the Japanese economy. However, except for the tourism industry and retailers, Japanese don't welcome Chinese tourists who display outrageously bad manners.

 On the other hand, upper-class Chinese are welcomed. They visit Japan personally, not on a group tour, and stay at luxurious hotels. Their manners are always appropriate to the situation at hand.

 The Japanese government should be more restrictive vis-a-vis visas for Chinese tourists. For most Japanese the public peace is far more important the tourism revenue which is equivalent to only 0.2% of Japan's GDP.

 China became the second largest economy. But, their sense of manners is still underdeveloped.



Give Up Saying Yes


 Japan's Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is scheduled to have talks with South Korean President Park Geun-hye on November 2nd. She has taken an adversary stance toward Japan, refusing to meet with Prime Minister Abe to day. However, the South Korean economy is now facing a crisis. Iユm very much interested to see how she interacts with the Japanese prime minister.

 This October, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank held a general assembly in Lima, Peru, at which South Korea's economic plight came to light. Analysts predict that South Korea will have a liquidity crisis or shortfall of some 100 billion USD over the course of a year.

 In 1999, when the Asian currency crisis occurred, South Korea went into default. However, in the aftermath of the Lheeman Shock, South Korea got lucky through the use of currency swaps with Japan and the U.S., which allowed South Korea to borrow cheap money. Nevertheless, President Park let the swap agreement of 70 billion USD with Japan expire this February even though it would have a negative consequences for South Korea.

 The South Korean economy is greatly suffering from the Chinese recession. 42.19% of South Korea's GDP is driven by exports. And, 25% of this is accounted for by China. So, over 10% of South Korea's GDP depends on China.

 To make matters worse, Chinese products, such as smart-phones, have caught up with South Korean makers' in terms of quality. South Korean companies and Chinese companies are competitors in an increasingly commoditized market. Nevertheless, South Korean industries are subservient to the Chinese market. This is an irrevocable situation.

The main issues at the Japan-South Korean talks would be the so-called "Comfort Women" and the sovereignty of Takeshima (Liancourt Rocks).

On the first issue, according to a survey by the Nikkei Shimbun and TV Tokyo, 60% of Japanese citizens believe that Japan should not give in to South Korea's demands whereas only 20% believe Japan should.

On the other issue, South Korea has ignored the territorial dispute, and refused to bring the problem before the International Court of Justice (ICJ).

 In my opinion, Prime Minister Abe should propose to solve both problems at the I.C.J. And, unless President Park agrees to bring at least the territorial dispute before the ICJ, Japan should go out of its way to aid the South Korean economy.


Relationships with China and South Korea


 Japan is regarded favorably by other Asia-Pacific countries excepting China and South Korea. Likewise, Japanese have an unfavorable opinion of China and South Korea. Most Japanese citizens do not wish to improve relationships with the backward nations. The Abe Cabinet should maintain off-hands policy toward them.

 The Pew Research Center conducted a public opinion of 15,313 people in 11 Asia-Pacific countries about Japan, China, South Korea and India. Japan was voted most favorably with a rating of 71%, followed by China with 57%, India with 51%, and South Korea with 47%.

 Over 80% of Malaysians, Filipinos, Vietnamese and Australians regarded Japan favorably. However, only 12% of Chinese and 25% of Koreans had a favorable view toward Japan.

 On the other hand, only 9% of Japanese regarded China favorably, and the number of Japanese who voted favorably for South Korea decreased to 21%, from 57% in 2008.

 Incidentally, 61% of Koreans preferred China whereas less than half (47%) of Chinese had a favorable view toward South Korea.

 Apparently, Chinese hate Japan. Nonetheless, Japanese products are very popular in China, especially baby goods. Chinese trust Japanese products in terms of safety and security.

 Moreover, an increasing number of Chinese travel to Japan. From January to June, 2.18 million Chinese visited Japan, a 2.2 fold increase compared to the same period last year. I wonder whether or not Chinese hate Japan.

 China, the second largest economy, is a significant market. And, Chinese tourists are the most important foreign customers for Japan's tourist industry. Chinese account for 23.8% of the foreign tourists in Japan, followed by Koreans (19.9%) and Taiwanese (19.6%). And, Chinese tourists spend 173,000 yen (1,442 USD) on shopping per person, over double the average (77,000 yen). Consequently, Chinese tourists spend 285,000 yen (2,375 USD) per person in Japan, followed by Australians (245,000 yen) and Spanish (228,000 yen). Chinese account for over 40% of the foreign tourist spending in Japan, 358.1 billion out of 888.7 billion yen, followed by Taiwanese (147.0 billion yen) and Koreans (64.5 billion yen). The figures indicate that many Koreans visit Japan, but they are not so free with their money.

 In terms of economy, Japan and China have been in a good relationship for several years. On the other hand, South Korea is less crucial economically. The Abe Cabinet should maintain the current course to let the economy progress naturally.


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