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  • 2019.11.11 Monday
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  • by スポンサードリンク


Legalization of Marijuana

 On October 17th, Canada legalized marijuana. Legalization of marijuana has been controversial in many countries. Canada’s initiative will impact the global debate.                                                                                  Uruguay had already legalized marijuana, but Canada is the first among developed countries. It has legalized in Canada for medical use in 2001. And, Justin Trudeau publicly pledged legalize marijuana during his campaign in 2015. Adults ( 21 years or older) can now purchase the substance at licensed shops and carry up to 30 g. In addition, each household is allowed to grow, at maximum, 4 plants. Still, the dispensaries are not open in some provinces yet, and supplies are expected to fall short of demand.                                                                                 Not a few people visit the Netherlands to try marijuana, where its possession or use is not a crime, but its production or sale is tacitly illegal. Germany prohibits possession, but has essentially decriminalized personal use. Italy also bans possession but allows personal use and tiny amount may be possessed. Portugal decriminalized personal use in 2001, making it the first EU member to do so although cultivation or sale is still illegal. Even though consumption by adults increased slightly, that by young citizens greatly decreased in the country.                                                                                  In the U.S., marijuana is illegal except for its capital and several states .The District of Colombia legalized the substance in 2014 to remove an income stream from criminal organizations by regulating production to retail. In Colorado, after legalization in 2015, sale of 990 million dollars generated tax revenues of 135 million dollars. In addition, the expense of costly prosecution and incarceration vanished. Its tourism and eating establishments flourished, and the number of collage students increased. The economic ripple ripple effects were called the “Green Rush.” In 2016, California, Nevada and Massachusetts also legalized marijuana.                                                                                  In the U.S., the death toll from overdosing on prescription painkillers is increasing whereas no one has died from overdose of cannabis (medical marijuana) so far. A research on 472 cannabis takers showed that 80% abandoned medication, 52% quit drinking alcohol, and 32% kicked other drug habits. The Free Thought Project points out that huge pharmaceutical corporations control the government and medication distribution. In fact, pharmaceutical companies and the alcohol industry are opposed to legalizing cannabis. According to a survey by the Pew Research Center of 1,201 adults in 2016, 57% supported legalization of marijuana whereas 37% were opposed to it.                                                                                      In Japan, marijuana is consistently prohibited from cultivation to sale, including commercial use. The bureaucracy controls Japan. If marijuana were legalized, the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare might be downsized and its budget would be reduced. However, Japan’s native hemp scarcely contains any tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and shrines need it for the creation of their sacred ropes. As the price soared, financially squeezed shrines have to substitute Chinese hemp or even plastic. The native hemp should be legalized.                                                                                  On the personal use, in my opinion, there is still room for discussion. The majority of Japanese citizens demand severer punishment against drunken driving. Legalization of marijuana might increase DUI. We should wait and see what happens abroad before making any decision.    


  • 2019.11.11 Monday
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  • 23:19
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  • by スポンサードリンク


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